Sabra and Shatila, a massacre to remember: voices from the camp [Part III]

Sabra and Shatila, a massacre to remember: voices from the camp [Part III]


How often this verb recurs in the life of a young person.

The thought immediately goes to the clear days of hot summer weather, when your face is exposed to a constant sun, and you walk around in the suburbs during the most unworkable hours, in order to seeking out some money to cover the university boarding costs.

Flyering, exactly.

Alternatively, you think about the travelling rotation of a Friday evening, when you navigate here and there in front of the gazebo of your Association to catch the gaze of future male and female activists to be involved in the local group.

However, the distribution of pamphlets in Beirut is quite another thing. If you call it that way, it seems even an understatement compared to the emotions that we volunteers are feeling these days.

Wandering in the uncertain maze of Shatila that makes you uncertain, in order to try to involve as many people as possible, can seem at first blush an enormous challenge. We certainly have a feeling that we are not on top of it, or we even turn out to be arrogant in the act of distributing flyers, after travelling nearly 2,500 kilometres as the crow flies. However, here there is a massacre to remember. Here there are victims to pay our respects. Here there is a story that cannot sunk into the arduous twists and turns of oblivion. Here we are not dealing with a simple distribution of flyers. There is something much deeper to aim for.

Then we go on, equipped with hundreds and hundreds of Handala illustrations 1, a character that we learned to love over the years of activism and militancy. There are three generations of Palestinians in front of our eyes, and it sounds ironic that we, as a group of international volunteers, are remembering almost with intellectual pride a massacre like the one of Sabra and Shatila. Yet the eyes of Palestinian men and women, marked by wrinkles filled with frustration for the past and concern for the future, infuse us with goodwill and thankfulness. “Shukran” 2 is the least common denominator of their responses, combined with a kind smile. You do not see only the awareness in their eyes, but you also can see the feeling of not resignation.

We continue on commemorating the massacre carried out by the Lebanese Christian Phalange, the Army of South Lebanon and the Israeli armed force in 1982. Not forget is the categorical imperative to preserve their own identity, to keep on resisting and to transmit all those things to their sons and daughters.

Paraphrasing what Pertini 3 said, “The best way to think of the dead, is thinking of living people.”


Alberto, Aran, Ilaria, Luca, Marcello, Maria and Martina

1) Handala: Characters created by the Palestinian Naji al-Ali that became a symbol of the Palestinian diaspora.

2) Shukran: thank you in Arabic.

3) Sandro Pertini: President of the Italian Republic from 1978 to 1985.

Games in the Shatila maze: voices from the camp [Part II]

Games in the Shatila maze: voices from the camp [Part II]
Here there are
The weapons that I like:
the gun that just makes pum
(Or bang, if you read some
but no holes …
the cannon that shoots
without even shaking
the coffee table …
the little air gun
that sometimes by mistake
 hits the target
but it would not hurt
neither a fly nor a corporal …
Weapons of joy!
the others, please,
throw them all away!


The weapons of happiness, Gianni Rodari
“Ouch!” I quickly put my right hand on the neck. The point where I have got hit will soon redden. “I will have a bruise,” I think. I turn to the culprit: there he was, the rascal who is looking at me satisfied with a provocative and proud behaviour. I feared that he would do it again, that he would shot me with those stupid little bullets made of plastic, with those stupid plastic submachine guns you can buy everywhere here. The rascal hit exactly the target. On the neck, just below my ear. If it were a real bullet, well, I would not be here to tell this story. He was definitely brave enough to shoot an adult, furthermore a foreigner. I prefer to stop and think, instead of giving vent to my anger on him shouting in Italian. It would be useless, as he would not understand what I say and would just feel my anger. They already feel so much anger around them. I put my pride aside, and I look at him resigned before turning around and going back to my job. I have never seen so many children playing with so many and realistic weapons.

“I got him!”. I had actually pointed to that big, dark and with a beard, but it doesn’t matter, I’ve got the Ajnabi 1 anyway. However, I got distracted. “Ouch! Hafez, that is not fair! I got distracted, as some Ajnabi were passing by. Look at the curly and thin one, I got him! “. “I didn’t see anything and still you have lost, so you’re dead”, “If you get a Ajnabi that is worth double though!”, “We never decided this rule!”, “Look, we are not dead, give me 20 seconds, I walk there and then we’ll see who kills before whom”. I start running through the alley, facing the corner, passing under the arch of Abu Zanner, climbing the stairs of the first floor; from that place through the grating I can see the road beneath me, my enemy does not expect me shooting from the top. I position myself as snipers do, placing the rifle on the grating. The 90-degree arm locks the rifle, so the recoil does not hit me. Mohammed taught me to do this way. “Here it is … 1,2,3 … bam!”.
Today is my first day. It is right the day of sacrifice celebration, with lots of people coming in and out of the camp. It is hot wearing the beret and the uniform, but I am fine. If Fatima were here to seeing me, who knows what she would think, as I have the rifle on my shoulder taking care of the security of all the people. ” Hello Habibi 2 “, “Look how beautiful my Mohammed is. How is the work of the Security Committee going today? Was your rifle useful? “,” Abu Mohammed, your son is a good boy”,” 16 years ago I held him for the first time in my arms, and now look at him “,” he will keep on growing even more Abu Mohammed, still some more muscles here and here, and you’ll see that he will turn into a man”. He squeeze my biceps and mypecs. He is right, I’m still a bit slim …
“Mohammed, Mohammed, please give me one thousand pounds”, I am running toward my brother. Mom bought me a new dress for the sacrifice celebration, it is white with pink flowers but I have to be careful not to dirty it, otherwise she gets angry. I also have braids and a big fabric flower holds them steady above my head. ” Habibti3 what do you need the money for, do not you see I’m busy”, “Please, please, merry-go-round are here, one trip costs a thousand pounds, the swing goes very high.” “Okay, here you go, but please do not go with Hafez, as he goes too high and then you’re afraid.” “Thanks Mohammed, I love you! See you later, huh, Mohammed, you are beautiful with that uniform!”.

I look at the space in front of the Children and Youth Centre. It is usually the only open space where children can play together and safely, with the ball or chase each other without the risk of getting hurt or fall into a pile of garbage. Many children’s games require visual contact between the mates, require open spaces, and Shatila maze is not appropriate for any of them. However, this is a celebration week, so that the space is busy. It would not be right to call them merry-go-rounds. I tell to myself it’s an amusement park for poor people. Colourful wood fences divide the different “attractions” and legions of dreamy children who have already spent their thousand pounds or do not have to pay for the ride are overlooking. There are one iron walker, a couple of small swings, one trampoline. The big attraction is indeed the two sturdy wooden swings with large wooden chairs lined with Persian rugs, where even 7, 8 children can stay. The two biggest ones stand up on the edge of the seat, and they push the swing bending their knees when they reach the highest point. The swing comes just at the top, above me. I find myself gazing at a little girl, who leans dangerously. She wears a white dress with pink flowers.

1) Ajnabi: foreigner in Arabic
2) Habibi: dear / darling in Arabic
3) Habibti: habibi families
Alberto, Aran, Ilaria, Luca, Marcello, Maria and Martina
Story written by male and female volunteers who are taking part to the SCI voluntary camp, so called “Shatila Refugee Camp” in Beirut. Although it is fictional, it is inspired by situations really lived during their stay in the Shatila refugee camp.

Shatila Beach, Lebanon: voices from the camp [Parte I]

Shatila Beach, Lebanon: voices from the camp [Parte I]

Shatila Beach, it is 3 p.m., the sun is at its zenith. You can hear the sound of the water, but it is not the sea. A young man looks at us puzzled as he tries to fill a plastic tank on the roof of his house with a large pitcher. There is no sand on the terrace, but a thick layer of dust covers everything. We are on the roof of the Guest House. One more floor and a rusty stepladder above us and then many houses and many precarious lives, since 68 years and for 4 generations.

The Shatila refugee camp is 1 km square big. About 20,000 Palestinians live here, but no one knows exactly how many people wander, play, buy, work, love in this maze. In this structure already collapsing, there are some Bengali and thousands of Syrians, in addition to the others. The tap water is salty: Shatila Beach. However, it is not seawater and leaves a sticky coating on us. The power is limited to only a few hours per day.

“We pay the water three times here in Shatila”, explains Mohammed while driving like Ariadne’s thread in the labyrinth of alleys, between scooters driven by ten years old children, bored men sitting on plastic chairs and thousands of windows from which we can glimpse women washing laundry or watching a Turkish soap opera on the television. “The water that comes from the tap costs each family $ 20 a month, but you cannot drink it. Therefore we have to buy it in bottles – of course be the most popular brand is Nestle – and then we buy water from large bottles in order to washing dishes, cooking … “. Some child passes by our side, dragging the precious water in plastic jars of modernity.

We are in the twilight of the Children and Youth Centre office, in the middle of Shatila. After 24 hours we are still totally unable to get out of here. “If you get lost, in any part of the camp, do ask for Abu Mujahed, and you will be taken to the Centre, as everyone knows who he is.” The magic word now nor turns into human features and there he is, Mr. Abu Mujahed. He is sitting on a damask chair, but he promptly stands up to prepare us a coffee. He has white and thin hair, olive skin tone full of age spots, an open smile, the typical Palestinian pessimistic realism, an innate care for the children who catch his eyes when they step into the room: he stops political considerations and adults conversations and he gets closer to ask “how are you darling?” and to distribute kisses and caresses.

“Our association was founded in 1997 with the aim of promoting the Convention on the Rights of the Child and encouraging its implementation here in the camp. You have probably realized that here the rights of children, but in general of all people, are violated every day”. The association’s activities have focus in particular on education, trying to keep the children busy with positive and resilient activities. There are many artistic workshops encouraging the development of relational and social skills. “I attend the course of Dabka, English and also rap” B. says, speaking an excellent English for his 13 years of age while eating hummus.

“Every year we expect something to happen, we expect THE SOLUTION that will put an end to our precarious conditions. However, do not deceive yourselves, as the problem here is not poverty. People have discouraged and have stopped fighting for their rights. Che Guevara used to say something like that imperialism makes people struggling every day to survive. The priority is then eating and you cannot plan your own life over the next two weeks. This brings us to compete with each other; we are not able to look for the causes of problems and to strive for solutions. People here in Shatila do not need social workers, need revolutionaries! “.

There were many armed “volunteers” in the 70s who supported the Palestinian cause and became immediately “comrades” of Palestinian fighters, respected for their choice of living in the fields as people from the fields, as to acquire Arabic names: Mohammed Ahmad, Hafez, the revolutionaries. Then there was the war, and after 1982 the social conflict was as quiet, normalized by the daily, even though minimal, response to needs given by humanitarian organizations. That is how fighters disappeared and social workers have appeared.

The fan turns too slowly to cool the office of the CYC. Outside a happy music attracts noisy children, but inside the words weigh more than the air. “The war in Syria is everywhere: it is here in the camps, is in Italy and Catalonia, where you come from, it is in Europe,” Mujahed carries on talking quietly. “People need to be aware of what’s going on here, in Syria and in the world. We no longer want to see dying this way our children, nor children from other parts of the world and yours”.

Alberto, Aran, Ilaria, Luca, Marcello, Maria and Martina